Ion³foros en producci³n animal Ing. Agr. Paula Turiello

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  • Ionforos en produccin animalIng. Agr. Paula Turiello

  • Colonizacin y digestin extracelular (CHO solubles y estructurales; protenas); utilizadoras de metabolitosIngestin de partculas y digestin intracelular de CHO y protenasActiva colonizacin de partculas y digestin de sustratos lignificadosEliminacin de H2 del sistema, produccin de metanoRumen: ecosistema microbiano BacteriasProtozoosHongosArqueobacterias

  • Rumen: degradacin de CHOCelulosaHemicelulosaPectinaGlucosaFructosanosAlmidnPiruvatoATPAGVsCH4ATP Actico (C2) Propinico (C3) Butrico (C4)

  • 2 Piruvato + 2 ADP + 2 H2O2 Acetato + 2 CO2 + 2 H2 + 2 ATP4 NADH + 2 ADP2 Propionato + 2 H2O + 4 NAD + 2 ATP2 NADH + 1 ADP1 Butirato + 2 CO2 + 2 H2 + 2 NAD + 1 ATPCO2 + 4 H2CH4 + 2 H2O + 1 ATPRecuperacin energtica en la fermentacin ruminalGlucosa = 690 kcal/molAc. = 209 kcal/molPr. = 263 kcal/molBut. = 522 kcal/molMetano = 213 kcal/mol

  • Acido acticoAcido lcticoAcido propinico765204060800Moles/100 molespH del rumenEfecto del alimento sobre el ambiente ruminalCelulolticasAmilolticasStreptococcus bovisMegasphera elsdenii

  • Monensina: beneficios derivados de los efectos biolgicos Metabolismo energtico

    Metabolismo nitrogenado

    Desrdenes digestivosBergen y Bates (1984)

  • Metabolismo energtico: Balance fermentativoAdaptado de Church, 19881,8:11,2:11,1:135%

    Nivel de monensina (mg/cab/d)0100500AGV (prop. molares) Actico56.0049.3047.80 Propinico31.9041.0043.50 Butrico7.105.304.80Energa (Mcal) Glucosa34.3633.9533.95 AGV 27.1628.1628.50 Metano4.973.593.25 ATP 1.771.781.79 Calor0.460.420.41

  • Metabolismo nitrogenadourea endgenaAdaptado de Fondevilla, 2008Peptostreptococcus

    Clostridium

  • RESULTADOS EN CABRAS

  • TratamientosConsumo a voluntad (C)Consumo restringido + monensina (M)Consumo restringido (R)Cabrillonas CMS (diario, individual, kg/da)

    PV (semanal)

    Calidad del alimento (FDN, FDA, EM, PB) Mediciones morfomtricas

    CC

    Deteccin de celo

    Sangrado (hormonas y metabolitos)

  • Resultados recra de cabrillonasResultados de CMS (consumo de materia seca), PV (peso vivo), ADPV (aumento diario de peso vivo), CC (condicin corporal), A. cruz (altura a la cruz), A. grupa (altura a la grupa), y P. torcico (permetro torcico) para los grupos C (control), M (monensina) y R (restringido).

    CMRpCMS (kg/d)0.650.13 A0.370.04 B0.340.02 C

  • Evolucin del Peso Vivo (kg)Resultados recra de cabrillonas

    Grfico3

    11.911.912

    12.5212.851428571411.8371428571

    13.0412.828571428612.1142857143

    13.3413.028571428612.3757142857

    13.712.712.3428571429

    14.2812.585714285712.4657142857

    15.05612.637142857112.3157142857

    15.4413.057142857112.1857142857

    15.8613.057142857112.2928571429

    16.1612.812.1857142857

    16.7512.871428571412.0142857143

    17.7313.635714285712.5

    18.8514.007142857112.7428571429

    19.1413.678571428612.7214285714

    20.1214.614285714312.8571428571

    20.4514.814285714313.15

    20.9114.442857142912.8642857143

    21.5314.907142857112.9357142857

    22.1915.371428571413.2642857143

    23.215.992857142913.6857142857

    24.316.448571428613.9142857143

    24.2615.735714285713.7857142857

    24.9316.257142857113.9571428571

    25.917.221428571414.6

    26.317.335714285714.7

    26.9617.614285714314.7285714286

    27.4817.785714285715

    27.6617.607142857115.1

    28.117.942857142914.9

    28.4617.714.9714285714

    28.6818.042857142915.0857142857

    C

    M

    R

    Peso

    IDCBIO ID11/1812/272/72/132/213/23/93/153/304/94/134/204/275/115/185/256/16/156/227/67/137/237/278/38/1017/8/78/249/79/149/219/2810/510/1910/2611/211/911/1611/2311/3012/1412/2112/281/41/121/181/252/32/82/152/213/213/284/44/114/215/25/95/235/306/66/20PROM 17/8ADPV PROMADPV PROMDESVEST ADPVProm 10/8/7Prom 3/8/7Prom JulioProm 27/7/7Promedio grupal anterior

    1133299.509.509.749.8810.308.909.609.7010.9211.2011.3011.3012.0012.513.113.714.014.715.316.616.917.918.318.519.320.221.022.122.422.923.624.125.025.725.826.126.626.928.028.028.828.429.729.430.430.831.331.231.90031.90033.90033.10034.25034.90035.20035.30034.30037.00037.10037.70038.0000.0650.0650.005221.520.919.620.51.90.0937720.121.7500.087

    9733012.0011.7512.2212.5012.7012.1012.6012.3013.2613.3013.6013.3013.2513.313.613.813.513.414.414.814.615.515.715.115.816.416.817.317.117.318.418.418.918.818.318.818.418.919.919.920.420.421.221.522.422.923.823.324.80024.90027.20026.80028.00028.50029.30030.60031.80032.40032.50033.20034.2000.0240.0200.005814.914.414.314.81.20.0803114.611.3270.091

    773317.508.758.929.509.509.1010.0010.0010.3810.9011.1010.9011.2011.411.911.811.811.912.513.112.513.313.513.413.714.214.515.314.915.416.116.416.416.816.517.017.117.318.218.618.719.320.220.522.821.522.321.923.10023.70025.70025.60026.40027.40027.60028.40029.00029.80029.70030.40031.2000.025

    13733210.5011.5011.4011.7012.2011.4011.7011.2011.8412.1012.5012.5012.7012.512.312.412.312.012.613.012.912.813.312.712.913.213.614.013.813.714.514.614.615.015.214.815.014.915.715.716.115.916.917.117.617.718.618.119.20019.90021.70021.30022.40023.10023.50023.50024.70025.60025.00025.50026.3000.0110.0060.007612.912.912.913.20.90.0679512.860.8790.068

    8733312.5012.5013.4813.7413.7413.3014.3014.1014.7214.9015.1014.8014.7514.415.315.414.714.716.115.815.416.416.616.116.717.117.618.617.517.919.118.719.219.519.219.419.119.421.020.521.321.422.122.322.922.924.523.124.925.423.127.428.228.429.630.531.631.631.532.533.50.018

    1263349.509.7510.4410.8011.5010.3010.7010.4010.9811.3011.6311.4011.9011.711.611.811.611.812.212.512.412.712.913.013.113.713.914.113.914.315.015.015.015.315.415.215.315.415.715.816.316.216.516.916.616.417.417.617.818.419.720.320.421.121.321.922.523.723.424.024.50.018

    2623358.509.7511.5611.6212.3011.5012.0011.7012.7613.2013.8014.4014.9016.016.316.917.217.818.819.920.021.021.421.922.123.123.924.624.725.326.426.827.327.928.228.729.029.430.731.431.631.632.833.233.934.034.333.834.435.737.637.238.038.438.539.740.341.040.941.141.40.070

    7533611.500.000

    2693379.509.0010.7011.4011.9010.9011.1011.4012.3612.2012.7012.4012.1012.012.112.712.012.212.813.212.913.513.713.813.814.415.215.214.915.415.916.416.617.017.117.817.117.318.118.518.919.219.920.820.721.322.422.222.823.525.225.626.427.428.228.529.029.730.030.031.10.016

    893388.509.2511.6011.9011.9011.5011.8012.5012.8013.5013.7014.2015.3016.116.417.017.117.918.920.220.221.521.922.223.023.424.826.025.726.627.928.028.329.029.129.730.530.130.932.232.533.333.634.935.234.836.835.935.537.138.137.738.339.439.240.141.442.141.842.843.10.071

    26333911.5012.2513.8114.7015.0014.0014.3014.3014.6415.2015.4015.9016.2016.817.217.117.617.819.320.620.821.722.222.723.323.724.625.825.726.627.127.728.429.229.329.929.430.231.532.032.032.033.133.134.634.635.434.035.036.036.836.138.839.537.838.238.539.838.839.338.80.061

    10134010.009.009.5610.6011.0011.0012.0012.2011.8212.2012.1012.3012.1412.012.012.312.411.712.212.412.612.612.712.612.612.913.313.413.313.614.414.314.514.514.614.614.614.514.715.015.215.516.016.316.817.017.717.618.319.121.121.421.923.022.923.624.325.624.825.726.50.003

    1713419.0010.0011.3011.0011.0011.5012.0012.2011.7211.9012.2012.3012.3012.412.212.412.312.212.912.813.013.313.813.413.413.714.114.213.813.814.714.514.414.914.914.614.614.815.215.215.615.516.016.117.517.718.518.519.519.921.521.822.322.823.523.824.924.325.225.726.30.008

    10634210.0010.009.569.749.809.9010.5010.6011.2011.2011.2011.0010.7011.211.511.211.611.912.212.612.713.613.813.413.814.415.014.615.114.816.016.316.416.816.616.917.017.117.718.318.919.220.220.820.921.822.622.523.824.126.326.527.028.029.030.129.631.031.431.632.50.022

    1153438.7510.5011.9212.2612.8011.0011.6011.1013.3212.6012.8012.2011.8012.212.612.712.612.613.413.813.514.414.814.515.215.516.217.115.616.517.917.918.417.717.817.517.617.819.218.919.720.020.320.921.121.423.122.323.924.025.826.326.427.428.029.030.131.030.831.632.40.028

    1633448.5010.0011.9512.5012.8012.0012.7012.6012.2612.3012.8012.8013.0012.912.712.812.712.613.013.313.313.613.913.713.713.914.414.614.814.915.415.515.615.916.116.016.116.616.716.717.317.418.018.318.618.719.919.420.520.922.722.523.824.225.025.526.126.327.227.328.30.007

    10334511.0012.5015.3815.4015.9014.3014.9014.7014.0214.4014.5014.2014.1214.213.913.813.713.313.814.214.013.914.113.613.814.214.514.914.614.715.416.015.716.016.115.815.715.916.316.517.216.817.317.618.318.919.319.120.120.822.621.922.823.624.425.025.526.626.327.528.4-0.006

    1283468.5010.2513.9613.8614.1013.5014.213.8014.7214.7014.7014.3014.3013.914.414.113.613.614.214.814.215.715.715.015.415.716.816.915.216.617.317.417.517.917.918.217.618.519.519.819.720.321.021.122.122.023.322.023.824.726.426.527.828.128.929.831.332.233.533.635.20.011

    2873478.509.758.349.7010.3010.1010.7010.7010.2210.6010.9010.9011.1010.610.610.710.510.710.911.111.011.211.511.211.211.412.012.312.412.712.813.213.313.413.513.313.513.513.914.514.614.315.515.916.216.417.217.417.618.319.720.320.321.421.922.623.023.724.424.825.00.003

    1943488.009.0010.8810.3010.4010.6011.3011.3011.4812.1012.5012.7013.0013.914.214.615.015.616.417.117.818.718.519.420.120.721.823.022.923.424.525.025.825.625.926.126.826.827.227.728.328.229.228.629.829.429.929.330.330.430.629.429.830.030.931.130.931.532.232.132.30.059

    Prom9.662510.263157894711.406315789511.742105263212.0611.41578947371211.936842105312.390526315812.621052631612.8712.831578947412.987368421113.155263157913.363157894713.513157894713.457894736813.576315789514.294736842114.815789473714.763157894715.415789473715.684210526315.563157894715.923684210516.389473684217.039473684217.581052631617.260526315817.692105263218.539473684218.723684210519.010526315819.310526315819.328947368419.494736842119.526315789519.75